The concept of art imitates according to plato and homers idea that art creates

Here are some features of the two theories: 1. The latter.

Socrates on art

Sounding like machinery does not make the imitator more like a gear or pulley; it must be a deranged practice only insofar as all impersonation is deranged. The reply to this sort of question is that it would be better not to imitate anybody, but if imitation cannot be avoided, this imitation should be restricted to positive models, constituted by people who are brave, moderate, pious, and so forth cf. Had he in his lifetime friends who loved to associate with him, and who handed down to posterity an Homeric way of life, such as was established by Pythagoras who was so greatly beloved for his wisdom, and whose followers are to this day quite celebrated for the order which was named after him? But will the imitator have either? Rather, when he recites Homer, he must be inspired by a god. Timaeus, 35b ff. Bring several characters together representing several idiosyncratic perspectives on the world and the very idea of deriving a general statement from the work becomes impossible. Those optimistic moments are not easy to sustain.

It has to be admitted, however, that in the passage I am considering Plato is not relying on any such neat distinction, for he is willing to talk of moral traits, such as the negative ones of evil disposition and illiberality, and of images of evil eikones kakias also in the case of the products of those other arts.

What good will come of an activity that can not only be attempted ignorantly but even succeeded at in ignorance? Of course we modern English-speakers have fine sunsets and fine dining as well, this word being even broader than kalon.

On this theory, works of art are at best entertainment, and at worst a dangerous delusion. The perception of examples of justice or self-control presupposes moral development, so that the perceiver can recognize a law's double nature as just and unjust.

That is in the nature of analogical thinking and no grounds for suspicion. When the god's power comes the poet's goes.

plato vs aristotle art

He should rather have said that the muthos is just a fiction, a product of the imagination. The view of the artist as inspired revealer of ideal essences fits well with the spirit of Plato's Symposium, a dialogue full of speeches in praise of Love, in which Socrates gives a compelling picture of the ascent from sexual love, to the aesthetic appreciation of beautiful bodies, to the love of beautiful souls, and finally to the the contemplation of the ideal Form of Beauty itself.

Dyson, M.

The concept of art imitates according to plato and homers idea that art creates

On reconciling the possession described in the Ion with that in the Phaedrus, see Gonzalez for extended discussion. And yet there is a sense in which the painter also creates a bed? The perception of examples of justice or self-control presupposes moral development, so that the perceiver can recognize a law's double nature as just and unjust. If Plato changed his views over time, these conciliatory references to imitation could indicate that he ultimately disavowed the censorship of Republic In this way it becomes possible to give them a collocation inside the system of the arts as a whole. And the excellence or beauty or truth of every structure, animate or inanimate, and of every action of man, is relative to the use for which nature or the artist has intended them. Nehamas, Alexander, References to magic serve poorly as explanations but they bespeak the need for explanation. The idea of genius was strong in the Romantic period, and has certainly not gone away since that time! Of appearance. But Plato does not take these cases into consideration, presumably because he does not think they can be of interest for clarifying the nature of poetic imitation.

All these passages suggest, from different angles, a rehabilitation for the process that Plato elsewhere demeans as counterfeiting. Laws c—d elaborates upon this problem.

The liberated prisoner stumbles further up, all the way out the mouth of the cave and into the sunlight.

Plato on imitation and art summary

You have still to determine this. And the worker in leather and brass will make them? We too are inspired by that love of poetry which the education of noble States has implanted in us, and therefore we would have her appear at her best and truest; but so long as she is unable to make good her defence, this argument of ours shall be a charm to us, which we will repeat to ourselves while we listen to her strains; that we may not fall away into the childish love of her which captivates the many. After all, aren't artists often inspired? By being made of iron each ring has the capacity to take on the charge that holds it. So we believe. A similar statement is to be found in Politics VII 4, a33 ff. This impression is confirmed by the treatment of imitative arts in the Sophist. It is also to be found in Aeschylus, fr. When what we call literary works practice what we call representation, Plato claims that they represent human beings. Do you see that there is a way in which you could make them all yourself? As Book 10 begins, Socrates links the coming treatment with what Book 3 had said about imitation. It is at least plausible as a theory about representational painting, drawing and sculpture; and it can be stretched to fit some abstract work, as in the case of Brancusi and Mondrian. It would also seem there is a continuity between this account of rhythms and that given immediately earlier of harmonies, for one account follows the other except for a reference to instruments , and the examples given are rather similar cf.
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The concept of art imitates according to plato and homers idea that art creates